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cuarta revolucion industrial y empleo

Lack of employment is from a couple of years ago, the main concern for the Spanish according to the barometer CIS. The economic crises are the one to blame, causing employment destruction as part of our daily menu. Even if it is true or not the employment panorama is improving, there is a new reality concerning future employment. This time the level is the 4th Industrial Revolution.

The technological innovations are the boom, the quickness in evolution and the impact of technologies in physical ranges, digitals, and biologicals are transforming in this appreciable humanity way. The third industrial revolution (digital revolution beginning in 60-70 years) was the creation of a new stage where no one is willing to risk anything. The unstoppable progress comes from robotics, nanotechnology, virtual reality, 3D impression, things on the Internet, artificial intelligence and advanced biology are changing (and continue to) cities, the way we relate to others, custom habits, the health range….and the actual idea of work.

The first effect that we are noticing is employment growth. This disturbance is altering our job position (with benefits, not everything is a disadvantage) this makes us think in our future and because everyone will be dominated by technology, but how is this really going to affect us?

Several warnings have predicted this terrible employment destruction. According to Caixa Bank Research, 43% of jobs in Spain risk becoming non-existent. It seems as if there is a slight bit of panic in the society since technology is our enemy and remembering nostalgic moments from the past.

We cannot think like this, not completely. A lot of job positions will disappear, but there will still be other jobs. Jobs that will last are obligated to reinvent since technology will not impersonate them, actually it will be the tool that will help them make a change. The key is not destroying or reinventing jobs, what changes is part of the employment process.

This happened in the in the other revolutions. In the first industrial revolution, people had to emigrate to find job opportunities in different cities. In the second, electricity, production or transportation changes and even in communication sectors supplied new job positions and new social classes. In the third, the job process became more automatic.

What should we do so we do not go through this disturbance again?

Education and personal skills are key

An education system like the one we have today is completely outdated. In the fourth revolution, technology is characterized by developing over time, in the future, it will be normal for children to work even though this idea does not exist for the moment. This requires a reformulation about education systems at a global level, not only does this include a university degree, but for the rest of your life: recycling and self-learning is important to all of us, even for the own employers, for businesses and for the global economy.

Of course, studying is not the only thing necessary, other important factors such as developing basic skills such as empathy and cooperation. It is certain jobs will focus specializing on computer, mathematics, architecture or engineering, but the few people who can keep this balance and have personal skills will have the best opportunities. Those employers specialized in discipline (for example, math) will suffer automation from their work.

David Deming, a professor associated in Education and Economy in Harvard, carried out a map necessary for every job position and identified key skills to prosper in the future.

Cuarta revolución industrial - trabajos y habilidades

The situation is clear, the system is changing and we need to change as well, but now the question is, when will we make this change?

If we delay our actions, it will be worse

Reference: World Economic Forum

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